Ranthambhore National Park ( रणथंभौर राष्ट्रीय उद्यान ) is the 40th largest national park covering around 392 km² in northern India. Ranthambhore was first established as the Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary in 1955 by the Government of India and was declared one of the Project Tiger reserves in 1973. Ranthambhore became a national park in 1980. Ranthambhore wildlife sanctuary is known for its Bengal tigers, and is one of the best places in India to see these animals in their natural jungle habitat. The best time for tiger sightings at Ranthambhore National Park are in November and May.
It is situated in the Sawai Madhopur district of Rajasthan, about 110 kms. north east of Kota and 140 kms. south east of Jaipur, which is also the nearest airport. The nearest town and railway station is at Sawai Madhopur, about 11 kms away. It is named after the historic Ranthambhore fortress, which lies within the park.